We can easily call Romans chapter four the faith chapter because in this chapter faith is clearly defined, both what it is and in Whom it is placed. Our glorious Heavenly Father doesn’t make His truth hard and convoluted to understand, like the doctrines of fallen man, but teaches us with His bread from Heaven, the glorious Word of God about His Manna to us from Heaven, His Son Jesus Christ.
First faith is defined by the actions of Abraham. This makes faith an active principle in our lives. Here is what God says about Abraham’s faith in Romans chapter four.
19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb. 20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform. 22 And therefore “it was accounted to him for righteousness.” Romans 4:19-22
Abraham was completely convinced that God was able to do what He had promised regardless of his outward circumstances. Abraham did not waver through unbelief but was persuaded that God could give him an heir according to His promise though Abraham was 100 years old and Sarah was 90 years old. To exercise the same genuine biblical faith as Abraham, we must believe what God says in His Word the Bible; we must know and believe that His Word is true and His promises are sure. Like Abraham, we must acknowledge that we know and serve the amazing God Who is able to do abundantly above all that we can ask or think.
20 Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us, 21 to Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus to all generations forever and ever. Amen. Ephesians 3:20-21
Then the Holy Spirit, by Paul directs our faith to the one in Whom we are to believe. We must believe in God and what He has done for us through His Son Jesus Christ.
23 Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, 24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification. Romans 4:23-24
Indwelling sin makes it impossible that any should meet the just demands of the law, but if we can be made righteous apart from the law through grace then we are no longer under God’s wrath but instead are blessed by Him Who has forgiven our sins based upon the shed blood of Jesus Christ, and so our sins are covered and we are accounted righteous through faith in Him. We have imputed righteousness through repentant faith in Jesus Christ who died upon the cross for the forgiveness of our sins and rose again from the dead for our justification. Praise God we can follow in the footsteps of righteous Abraham and believe in Jesus Christ and His gospel of our salvation for righteousness and eternal life. This gift of eternal life is available to all who are of the faith of Abraham.
7 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, And whose sins are covered; 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord shall not impute sin.” 9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised by while uncircumcised…13 For the promise he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made no effect, 15 because the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression 16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all 17 (as it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did; 18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” Romans 4:7-10 & 13-18